Придаточные условия, относящиеся к настоящему и прошлому; их сравнение

На данном уроке мы сравним случаи использования придаточных предложений условия второго и третьего типа (Conditional sentences) и научимся различать их в контексте.

Тема: Придаточные предложения

Урок: Придаточные условия относящиеся к настоящему и прошлому; их сравнение

1. Употребление придаточных условных предложений 2го и 3го типа

Условные предложения 2го типа (conditionals entences II) используются, когда мы говорим о воображаемом факте в настоящем, или о факте в будущем, который, скорее всего, не произойдет. Кроме того, условные предложения 2го типа используются, когда мы даем совет по модели – «На твоем месте я бы…».

Такие предложения образуются следующим образом: If + past simple (past continuous), would + verb

Пример:

If I won a lottery, I would travel around the world. – Если бы я выиграл лотерею, я бы поехал путешествовать вокруг света.

Иллюстрация «If I won a lottery»

Рис. 1. Иллюстрация «If I won a lottery»

Условные предложения 3го типа (conditional sentences III) используются, когда мы говорим о не случившемся факте в прошлом. Иногда предложения в этом условном типе выражают сожаление о том, что не случилось в прошлом.

Такие предложения образуются следующим образом: If + past perfect, would + present perfect

Пример:

If I hadn’t stopped the car, there would have been an accident.

Иллюстрация «If I hadn’t stopped the car»

Рис. 2. Иллюстрация «If I hadn’t stopped the car»

Примечание: вместо would могут стоять could и might.

2. Образование придаточных условных предложений 2го и 3го типа

Потренируемся образовывать предложения 2го типа на заданиях:

What would you do if you won $1.000.000?

You have some possibilities:

- Buy a sports car;

- Give money for charity;

- Travel around the world;

- Buy new clothes;

- Give the money to parents;

- Share the money with friends;

- Use the money for education.

Now make sentences using the prompts.

Правильные ответы:

1) If I won $1.000.000, I would buy a sports car.

2) If I won $1.000.000, I would give money for charity.

3) If I won $1.000.000, I would travel around the world.

4) If I won $1.000.000, I would buy new clothes.

5) If I won $1.000.000, I would give the money to parents.

6) If I won $1.000.000, I would share the money with friends.

7) If I won $1.000.000, I would use the money for education.

Теперь потренируемся образовывать предложения 3го типа на заданиях:

What your life would have been, if you had been born in the Iron Age?

You have some ideas to use. How would you answer these questions?

- Would you have used gas to cook your meals on?

- Would you have hunted for food?

- Would you have had more friends?

- Would you have used iron tools?

- Would you have made your own entertainment?

Правильные ответы:

       

1) I wouldn’t have used gas to cook my meals on if I had been born in the Iron Age.

2) I would have hunted for food if I had been born in the Iron Age.

3) I wouldn’t have had more friends if I had been born in the Iron Age.

4) I would have used iron tools if I had been born in the Iron Age.

5) I would have made my own entertainment if I had been born in the Iron Age.

Чтобы быстрее запомнить правило образования 2го и 3го типа условных предложений, обратите внимание, что во 2ом типе используется глагол во 2ой форме, а в 3ем типе – глагол в 3ей форме:

Type 2: If … V2 (Past Simple), would V1

Type 3: If … had V3 (Past Perfect), would have V3

3. Практические задания

Потренируемся на заданиях:

1) I (not to confide) in her, if I had known that she was a gossip girl.

2) If I (be) a doctor, I would help people.

3) If Hitler (not to be born), there might have been no World War II.

4) I’d ask someone for help, if I (be) you.

5) If she hadn’t got lost, she (come) on time.

Правильные ответы:

1) I wouldn't have confided in her, if I had known that she was a gossip girl.

2) If I were a doctor, I would help people.

3) If Hitler hadn’t been born, there might have been no World War II.

4) I’d ask someone for help, if I were you.

5) If she hadn’t got lost, she would have come on time.

Список рекомендованной литературы

1. Биболетова М. З., Бабушис Е. Е. Английский язык 9 класс, 2010.

2. Ваулина Ю. Е., Дули Д. Английский язык 9 класс, Просвещение, 2010.

3. Кауфман К. И., Кауфман М. Ю. Английский язык 9 класс, Титул, 2007.

4. Голицынский Ю. Б., Грамматика. Сборник упражнений, Каро, 2011 .

Рекомендованные ссылки на ресурсы интернет

1. Grammar. ccc. commnet. edu .

2. Native English .

3. Eng Master .

Рекомендованное домашнее задание

1. упр. 20 c.64, раб. тетрадь Биболетова М. З., Бабушис Е. Е. Английский язык 9 класс, 2010.

2. Раскройте скобки:

- I would be delighted if I (to have) such a beautiful dress.

- If he (to work) hard, he would have achieved great progress.

- I (to write) the composi­tion long ago if you had not disturbed me.

- If he were not such an outstanding actor, he (not to have) so many admirers.

- If she (not to be) so absent-minded, she would be a much better student.

- If they (not to go) to Moscow last year, they would not have heard that famous musician.

- If you were not so careless about your health, you (to consult) the doctor.

- If she (to ask) me yesterday, I would certainly have told her all about it.

- If I (not to be) present at the lesson, I would not have under stood this difficult rule.

- If they (to know) it before, they would have taken measures.

3. упр. 4,5 с. 110-111, Ваулина Ю. Е., Дули Д. Английский язык 9 класс, Просвещение, 2010.